Europe's many natural barriers allowed the development of competing nation states. It is finely flaked, producing very sharp projectile point. His later book, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, focuses on environmental and other factors that have caused some populations to fail. .iou-actions{margin-bottom:-10px!important}.iou-purchase-reminder{display:none} .ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper{clear:both}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .ccxaisles_mobile_divider{position:absolute;left:0;width:100%;height:5px;background-color:#d3d3d3}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .ccxaisles_mobile_ingress_text{word-wrap:break-word}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .ccxaisles_mobile_ingress_text_wrapper{white-space:nowrap;overflow:hidden;display:block;text-overflow:ellipsis}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .ccxaisles_atc_conf{position:fixed;top:50%;transform:translate(0,-50%)}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_way_finder_box{background-color:#F4F6F6}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_way_finder_inner_box{background-color:#fff;margin:.5rem}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_call_to_action{float:left;clear:left}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_prompt_text{width:50%}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_search_text{float:right}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_cart_text{float:left}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_search_icon{left:0}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_cart_icon{right:0}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_icon_wrapper{position:absolute;top:50%;transform:translateY(-50%)}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_way_finder_link{width:100%;position:relative}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_title_with_images{margin-top:2rem}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_touch_link_wrapper{overflow:hidden}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_box_border{border:1px;border-style:solid;border-color:#EAEDED}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .ccxaisles_wayfinder_divider{position:absolute;left:0;width:100%;height:2px;background-color:#E1E1E1}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_ingress_image_overlay{height:6rem;width:6rem;float:left;text-align:center;margin-right:1rem;background-color:RGBA(67,131,147,.05);position:relative}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .aisles_ingress_image{position:absolute;mix-blend-mode:multiply;left:50%;top:50%;transform:translate(-50%,-50%);-webkit-transform:translate(-50%,-50%)}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .wayfinder_added_to_cart{float:left}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .preAtcAisles_ingress_image_overlay{height:20rem;width:100%;float:left;text-align:center;margin-right:1rem;background-color:RGBA(67,131,147,.05);position:relative}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .preAtcAisles_ingress_image{position:absolute;mix-blend-mode:multiply;left:50%;top:50%;transform:translate(-50%,-50%);height:18rem;width:16rem}.ccxaisles_mobile_wrapper .preAtcCcxaisles_mobile_ingress_text{word-wrap:break-word;color:#0a4e69!important}#preAtcBottomRow{padding-top:3%}.ccxss_mobile_item_image{max-height:10rem;max-width:10rem;padding:.5rem}.ccxss_mobile_item_title_line{max-height:4rem;line-height:2rem;overflow:hidden;display:-webkit-box;-webkit-line-clamp:2;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;text-overflow:ellipsis}.ccxss_mobile_item_price_line,.ccxss_mobile_item_prime_bagde_section{display:inline-block}.ccxss_mobile_item_addon_bagde_section{display:inline-block}.ccxss_mobile_item_addon_bagde_section>i{margin-right:.5rem}.ccxss_mobile_atc_text{padding:0rem 2rem}#ccxss_recommendations{height:100%}#ccxss_post_atc_recommendations_wrapper.ccxss_bottom_sheet,#ccxss_post_atc_recommendations_wrapper.ccxss_inline{background:#eee}#ccxss_mobile_wrapper{padding-top:0rem!important}.ccxss_mobile_layout,.ccxss_mobile_layout_expander{background:#fff}#ccxaislesMobileRecsWrapper{background:#fff}.ccxss_mobile_layout_expander{padding-top:0rem!important}.ccxss_mobile_layout_expander i{float:right;top:4px}#ccxss_mobile_wrapper hr{margin-bottom:.3rem!important}#ccxss_post_atc_recommendations_wrapper .ccxaisles_mobile_divider{position:absolute;left:0;width:100%;height:5px;background-color:#d3d3d3}.ccxss_mobile_atc_form_wrapper{height:4.4rem}.inline_smart_shelf .a-carousel-viewport{background:#eee}.responsive-padding-small-except-right{padding-top:1rem;padding-bottom:1rem;padding-left:1rem}.responsive-padding-small{padding:1rem}#ccxss_sticky_status{background:#fff;box-shadow:0rem .1rem .1rem #ddd}#ccxss_inline_status{margin:0 -1.4rem 0!important;background:#eee;padding-top:1rem}#ccxss_sticky_status.inline{box-shadow:none}#ccxss_sticky_status.sticky{position:fixed;width:100%;z-index:300;border-bottom:.1rem #ddd solid}#ccxss_sticky_status.sticky .ccxss_atc_status{display:none}.ccxss_atc_status_image{margin-right:1.3rem}.ccxss_atc_status_message{height:40px;line-height:35px}.ccxss_sticky_checkout{clear:both} Also important to the transition from hunter-gatherer to city-dwelling agrarian societies was the presence of 'large' domesticable animals, raised for meat, work, and long-distance communication. The astonishing thing about this book is that it has pulled evidence from a wide variety of sources to build up such a coherent and plausible picture. Storyline A PBS documentary concerning Jared Diamond's theory on why there is such disparity between those who have advanced technology and those who still live primitively. .atwr-toast-cover{position:fixed;left:0;top:0;z-index:10000;width:100%;height:100%;background-color:#FFF;opacity:.5}#atwrToastCover{display:none}.atwr-toast-container{position:fixed;left:50%;z-index:10001;top:50%}.atwr-message-box{font-size:16px;color:#fff;font-weight:700;font-family:arial;-webkit-border-radius:10px;border-radius:10px;background-color:#444c55;position:relative;left:-50%;top:0;text-align:center;margin:auto;opacity:1}.atwr-message-box-size{padding:0}.atwr-message-box-size-spinner{transition-property:padding;transition-duration:.2s;-webkit-transition-property:padding;-webkit-transition-duration:.2s}#atwrFailure,#atwrSuccess{display:none}.atwr-spinner-progress{height:45px;width:89px;background:url(https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/G/01/udp/mobile/buy-box/atc-spinner.gif) 50% 50% no-repeat}#viewMyBabyRegistryButtonStack{display:none} When I wrote Guns, Germs and Steel, I had a whole chapter on Africa and a chapter on diseases in Africa. The conversation turned to the obvious differences in power and technology between Yali's people and the Europeans who dominated the land for 200 years, differences that neither of them considered due to any genetic superiority of Europeans. .bundle-prime-icon{margin-left:5px}.bundle-comp-preorder,.bundle-comp-prices,.bundle-comp-reviews,.bundle-comp-title{margin-bottom:3px}.bundle-comp-price-qual{font-size:.8em;color:#555}.bundle-comp-bullets{margin-top:7px}.bundle-components{padding:10px 0}.bundle-price{color:#111}.bundle-touch{display:aok-block;width:100%}.bundle-touch:active,.bundle-touch:hover,.bundle-touch:link,.bundle-touch:visited{color:#111}.bundle-comp{margin:0;padding:.5em 0;border:1px solid #ccc;border-width:0 0 1px 0}.bundle-comp-price{font-size:1em}.bundle-comp-title{display:aok-block;display:-webkit-box;max-width:400px;max-height:2.4em;font-size:1em;line-height:1.2;-webkit-line-clamp:2;-webkit-box-orient:vertical;overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}#bundle-sheet-trigger{color:#0066c0;width:100%;border:1px solid #ccc;border-radius:2px;margin:10px 0}#bundle-sheet-trigger:hover{cursor:pointer}.bundle-sheet-container{padding:10px}.bundle-sheet-load{padding:25px 0}.bundle-sheet-error{margin:25px 0;text-align:center}.bundle-exp-hide{display:aok-hidden}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-s{white-space:normal;vertical-align:top;height:100%;border-radius:.4rem;width:17.5rem;border:.1rem #ddd solid;overflow:hidden}#pba-cbv2-chkbox-bckgrnd-s{background-color:#F4F6F6;border-top:1px solid #EFEFEF}.pba-cbv2.chkbox{margin-left:1.9rem}.pba-cbv2.prime{margin-left:1rem}.pba-cbv2.item-info{display:table;width:100%}.pba-cbv2.item-info-r{display:table-cell;vertical-align:bottom}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt{font-size:1.3rem;overflow:hidden;line-height:1.4em;max-height:2.8em;text-align:justify;margin-right:-.5em;padding-right:1em}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt:before{content:'...';position:absolute;right:0;bottom:0}.pba-cbv2.sm-txt:after{content:'';position:absolute;right:0;width:1em;height:1em;margin-top:.2em;background:#fff}.pba-cbv2-asin-brdr-err{border-color:#c40000!important}.pba-cbv2-asin-bckgrnd-err{background-color:#fcf4f4!important}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-dets{position:absolute;bottom:0;width:100%}.pba-cbv2.asin-faceout.img{max-height:15rem}#pba-cbv2-foot{background:#006E79;height:6rem;position:fixed;left:0;bottom:0;width:100%;display:table;z-index:1000}#pba-cbv2-itm-cnt-circle{width:2.5rem;height:2.5rem;border-radius:50%;background:#fff;line-height:2.5rem}.pba-cbv2-white-txt{color:#fff}#pba-cbv2-foot-price-txt{max-height:4.8rem}#pba-cbv2-foot .foot-s{display:table-cell}#pba-cbv2-item-cnt-s{min-width:6.2rem}#pba-cbv2-atc-button-s{min-width:9.3rem}#pba-cbv2-secondary-view-spacer{height:6rem;width:100%}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht{position:fixed;width:100%;top:0;z-index:1001}.pba-cbv2-slide-up{bottom:0!important}.pba-cbv2-slide-down{bottom:-23rem!important}.pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-bckgrnd-color{background:#111;opacity:.76}.pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-hgt{height:100%;transition:background .25s ease-in-out}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-info{position:fixed;height:23rem;width:100%;animation-duration:.25s;transition-duration:.25s;z-index:10000;right:0;left:0;bottom:-23rem;background:#fff}#pba-cbv2-bttm-sht-close-icon{position:absolute;right:2rem;top:-3.6rem;color:#fff;padding-right:0;background-color:transparent}.pba-cbv2.expndr-tier-cont{border:0;padding-left:0;padding-right:0}.pba-cbv2.tier-expndr{border-radius:0!important}.pba-cbv2.asin-face-tier{height:300px!important;padding-left:.5rem;padding-right:.5rem}#customizable_ingressv2_text{height:75px}#pba-lob-feature-div{height:26rem;border:1px solid #ddd;border-radius:4px;overflow:hidden}#pba-lob-landing{display:table;margin-right:0;width:16rem;border-right:1px solid #ddd}#pba-lob-details{display:table-cell;vertical-align:middle}#pba-lob-carousel-head{padding-right:.5rem}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-card{padding:10px 10px 10px 0;border-right:1px solid #ddd}#pba-lob-carousel-head{border-bottom:1px solid #ddd;margin-bottom:0;padding:8px}#pba-lob-carousel-head .a-span4{width:50%}#pba-lob-carousel-head .a-span8{width:50%}#pba-lob-carousel-head{height:10%}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-controls{height:90%}#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-center,#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-row-inner,#pba-lob-carousel-container .a-carousel-viewport,#pba-lob-landing{height:100%!important}#pba-lob-landing-image-container{overflow:hidden}#pba-lob-landing-image-container::before{content:"";position:absolute;display:block;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;background:rgba(153,153,153,.12)} After warmly praising my book Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies as “artful, informative, and delightful” [NYR, May 15], the distinguished historian William H. McNeill identifies two contrasting approaches to history: the traditional emphasis on autonomous cultural developments that he … AmazonUIPageJS : P).load.js('https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/11MeGbyYqCL._RC|41fmMl99AkL.js,31TvpPRfM0L.js,31ca8h3jxjL.js,412aP1Dr1sL.js,01g2etah0NL.js,31Z0J1dVLFL.js,31MeZCfuSRL.js,314rhugXOeL.js,51LQOOiuEOL.js,01Gk5pNSG6L.js,510OqY8-q7L.js,21celRj7l9L.js,31o16W7QV0L.js,31J+6PDV52L.js,01LYWo8wpcL.js,01Z0tKggInL.js,31V3ybgYqAL.js,11r-QQPUdaL.js,21d13+Tny5L.js,21hDW1uFLaL.js,31oAl8dJC2L.js,31-OCg13E7L.js,21VrsMalOkL.js,41an5PE9auL.js,11FiYId0WGL.js,21TOBQCCRlL.js,11QA41hhYTL.js,215qJQdxjVL.js,01cldlyglyL.js,01dEDCUzeRL.js,013NxCyC-FL.js,31MJqnW0lNL.js,11e77qySMVL.js,51haAHN2eiL.js,01X5C8pWB1L.js,311+NUiljjL.js,614fabqcx6L.js,117xk5an6TL.js,21DSJgD5h7L.js,31Mti3fDd2L.js,01jEqq6I0UL.js,410zL4i3umL.js,3181TZe9ypL.js,21WlAxjmCTL.js,01iaKWOXJgL.js,51R83ElWxML.js,11ZMtd+TvvL.js,31E0yPIOfyL.js,41+koKsvk3L.js,013osfewhVL.js,11+szRbMBlL.js,41qCZiYH8LL.js,01PvqANkw0L.js,21eJAqS7yqL.js,41TKsvWDdGL.js,21Ah69ErssL.js,0193uyIciNL.js,41fW1gpnNZL.js,41mnJ3kJbuL.js,01JzE3-DfLL.js,01j1Y1PFCRL.js,41607nI4GtL.js,11H+quk5jAL.js,11+dypSOVUL.js,21uUX19h9TL.js,015J4NGaO3L.js,21oUcDvi2cL.js,21ZbonpQxqL.js,21YblE14ZTL.js,01jqyAujTwL.js,114Ke+2XPuL.js,01nDtMmnR4L.js,11JPKL723OL.js,11vP4mbHNqL.js,51PNdZf-0eL.js,01lcH4zcTaL.js,41RC4-02+pL.js,21v7Os12mhL.js,51imNdtsILL.js,31wKe4BkxuL.js,01wcltxKR5L.js,413RS2ilIUL.js,01RQtSMdG+L.js,41lsoY3OhJL.js,01MJ8v230SL.js,518ChqzdRwL.js,01qwoVEkKlL.js,01VlN3FZ-WL.js,013aNY++XJL.js,014qqK7f5yL.js,31UaW8zx0bL.js,61VQNfoGnYL.js,21VqbnU7dZL.js,01HTXFJHMAL.js,01YivelYW5L.js,61MJwfkN4gL.js,31I+7R+zMAL.js,01+2hlMZPKL.js,01ZpCLG-JpL.js_.js?AUIClients/DetailPageMobileWebDefaultMetaAsset_AOD_LATENCY_CLAWBACK_C&5ysqxpol#mobile.us.302390-T1.313053-T1.179464-C.291331-T1.239542-T1.232782-T1.239559-T1.306122-T1.311433-T1.123392-T1.305400-T1.300828-T1.319708-T1.316399-T1.284232-T1.245574-T1.183962-T1.313746-T1.200616-T1.286985-C.302241-T1.184660-C.120926-T1.155175-T1.114943-T1.103391-T1.184361-T1.184213-T2.291651-C.268112-T1.306173-T1.299260-T1.285395-T1.172346-T1.109378-T1.154031-T3.133003-T1.302863-T1.255524-T1.282422-T1.315188-T1.261365-T1.258218-T1.181563-C.187555-T1'); "[15], In 2010, Tim Radford of The Guardian called the book "exhilarating" and lauded the passages about plants and animals as "beautifully constructed". Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies has had the kind of impact that most scholarly authors can only dream about for their works. He mentions the tropical diseases (mainly malaria) that limited European penetration into Africa as an exception. (p. 15). The first step towards civilization is the move from nomadic hunter-gatherer to rooted agrarian society. This connection continues throughout what is an impenetrable book. .measureGuideCenteredImage{text-align:center;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;padding:0}.heightG2S2SizeChartPC{width:100%;overflow-x:auto;overflow-y:overlay}.leftAlignment{padding-left:4%}.sizeChartPcBrandLogo{max-height:60px}#wrapper{overflow:auto}#tabContent{position:relative}#spinnerContainer{display:none;z-index:1000;top:0;left:0;height:100%;width:100%;position:absolute;background:rgba(255,255,255,.8) center 30px no-repeat}.rightAlignment{padding-right:4%}#tabContent.loadingSpinnerSizeChart{overflow:hidden}#tabContent.loadingSpinnerSizeChart #spinnerContainer{display:block} The prologue opens with an account of Diamond's conversation with Yali, a New Guinean politician. Auther is very biased and has a skewed viewpoint. . He does not drive a political agenda with his books and I appreciate that. - Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, Jared Diamond The book attempts to explain why Eurasian and North African civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian hegemony is due to any form of Eurasian intellectual, moral, or inherent genetic … Endemic infectious diseases were also barriers to European colonisation of Southeast Asia and New Guinea. Tomlinson speculated that Diamond underemphasizes cultural idiosyncrasies as an explanation, and argues (with regards to the "germs" part of Diamond's triad of reasons) that the Black Death of the 14th century, as well as smallpox and cholera in 19th century Africa, rival the Eurasian devastation of indigenous populations as overall "events of human diffusion and coalescence". Created by. I have read scientific journals much drier than this! The Clovis spear point is, in reality, 3" long and 1" at its widest point. (window.AmazonUIPageJS ? “No scientist brings more experience from the laboratory and field, none thinks more deeply about social issues or addresses them with greater clarity, than Jared Diamond as illustrated by The combined effect of the increased population densities supported by agriculture, and of close human proximity to domesticated animals leading to animal diseases infecting humans, resulted in European societies acquiring a much richer collection of dangerous pathogens to which European people had acquired immunity through natural selection (see the Black Death and other epidemics) during a longer time than was the case for Native American hunter-gatherers and farmers. #value-pick-aw{border-radius:.4rem;border:.1rem #ddd solid;overflow:hidden}#value-pick-aw #value-pick-title-row{overflow:hidden;word-break:keep-all;white-space:nowrap;text-overflow:ellipsis}#value-pick-aw #value-pick-image{display:block;margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto} Upheaval: How Nations Cope with Crisis and Change, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guns,_Germs,_and_Steel&oldid=992053198, Non-fiction books about indigenous peoples of the Americas, Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction-winning works, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 06:23. "[20], In his last book published in 2000, the anthropologist and geographer James Morris Blaut criticized Guns, Germs, and Steel, among other reasons, for reviving the theory of environmental determinism, and described Diamond as an example of a modern Eurocentric historian. AmazonUIPageJS : P).load.js('https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/71RCXazy3hL.js?AUIClients/GoldboxUDPAssets'); - Then why is their tested collective IQ below that of the retardation line? Smallpox, measles, and influenza were the result of close proximity between dense populations of animals and humans. Diamond also proposes geographical explanations for why western European societies, rather than other Eurasian powers such as China, have been the dominant colonizers. Also, I could not tell while reading what Mr. Diamond's political leanings were. The New Yorker [28][29] The National Geographic Society produced a documentary of the same title based on the book that was broadcast on PBS in July 2005. }); "Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history. Farming arose early in the Fertile Crescent since the area had an abundance of wild wheat and pulse species that were nutritious and easy to domesticate. The book's title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations and maintained dominance despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered - guns, germs, and steel enabled imperialism. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide. Full content visible, double tap to read brief content. 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