ESCAP Statistics Division Subject: Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2016: SDG Baseline Report Keywords: SDG 16, Peace justice and strong institutions, peaceful, societies, sustainable development, justice, Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2016, SDG Baseline Report, SDG, SDGs Created Date: 7/6/2017 8:31:38 AM As tourism revolves around billions of encounters between people of diverse cultural backgrounds, the sector can foster multicultural and inter-faith tolerance and understanding, laying the foundation for more peaceful societies. SD/WP/08/July 2019 Statistics Division Working Paper Series SDG16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Walking through Asian and Pacific Territories 1 Gemma Van Halderen 2, Arman Bidarbakht Nia, Enrico Bisogno 1 This paper is being presented at the 62nd ISI World Statistics Congress in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 2019. In 2019, 54 % of the EU population expressed confidence in the European Parliament, followed by 47 % for the European Commission and 44 % for the European Central Bank. << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> EUtrendofSDG16onpeace,justiceandstronginstitutions This article provides an overview of statistical data on SDG 16 ’Peace, justice and strong institutions’ in the Eurostat, Crime and criminal justice statistics. Age, employment status and experience with justice system seem to have a notable effect on the perception of the independence of the justice system. 16. Some regions enjoy peace, security and prosperity, while others fall into seemingly endless cycles of conflict and violence. endobj (\376\377\000P\000e\000a\000c\000e\000,\000\040\000j\000u\000s\000t\000i\000c\000e\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000s\000t\000r\000o\000n\000g\000\040\000i\000n\000s\000t\000i\000t\000u\000t\000i\000o\000n\000s\000\040\000i\000n\000\040\000t\000h\000e\000\040\000E\000U\000:\000\040\000o\000v\000e\000r\000v\000i\000e\000w\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000k\000e\000y\000\040\000t\000r\000e\000n\000d\000s) SDG 16 – Peace Justice And Strong Institutions. ... Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, as co-custodians of indicator 16.4.1, are working together to develop an agreed statistical framework for the measurement of IFFs. endobj �uV�����n͂�4��#�m�����݈7�\�����g%(�((GB�*�W�K��1�^h:$� 4�'0*���h*�I9QY�1O�(��J�� :&j���9�럻m�v�����JLT����Ğ8��/�ma��v�=������n�BWY)*%� a�K�9�~? Insecurity is a common source of fear and worry, and negatively affects quality of life. Monitoring SDG 16 in an EU context focuses on the areas of peace and personal security, access to justice and trust in institutions. In particular, one of the biggest challenges for European societies is corruption, which compromises trust in democratic institutions and weakens the accountability of political leadership. This article provides an overview of statistical data on SDG 16 ‘Peace, justice and strong institutions’ in the European Union (EU).It is based on the set of EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an EU context. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. Monitoring SDG 16 in an EU context focuses on the areas of peace and personal security, access to justice and trust in institutions. (\376\377\000M\000e\000t\000h\000o\000d\000o\000l\000o\000g\000y) 2019. The focus of the global goal “Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions” is people’s overall security. World Bank, Worldwide Governance Indicators. endobj UNODC (2019), Global study on homicide 2019, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna. Homicide is one of the most serious crimes. In the EU, general government expenditure on law courts has risen by 46.3 % since 2003, reaching EUR 43.2 billion in 2018. Goal 16’s full title is “Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.” It has a monitoring framework of 12 targets (2 around means of implementation) and 23 indicators. More than half of the EU population consider the justice system to be sufficiently independent. Across Member States, the European Parliament was the most trusted of the surveyed EU institutions in all countries except for Finland, where the European Central Bank and the European Parliament were equally trusted. Further reading on peace, justice and strong institutions, Further data sources on peace, justice and strong institutions, Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, Peace, justice and strong institutions in the EU: overview and key trends. (\376\377\000S\000e\000e\000\040\000a\000l\000s\000o) endobj (\376\377\000D\000e\000d\000i\000c\000a\000t\000e\000d\000\040\000s\000e\000c\000t\000i\000o\000n) Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Since 2004, the EU has seen a considerable decline in levels of trust in three of its main institutions, the European Parliament, the European Commission and the European Central Bank. Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions. \�qQ8N�B�1,8���trQ��iaT>M���r٬D��] `��:��AQ�T,�b�m��\j�%f <6Y%*(zlJ#|(!DrV�$� �.���@W�V�=�*�3e����SX��1t� Co���y��O�#m]����a6�-��i��n�c"/Q~�Wm3���� ��`���R?,܋�4^/����禛>�tɬ�~e�;�^�5P�_�f��Aez�� ���. %PDF-1.4 In contrast, death rates due to homicide were the highest in the Baltic countries, while they had rather low shares of people feeling affected by crime, violence or vandalism in their neighbourhood. While death rates due to homicide have fallen for both sexes, they remain about twice as high for men (0.9 deaths per 100 000 persons in 2016, compared with 0.5 deaths per 100 000 persons for women). << /S /GoTo /D (Doc-Start) >> Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16 or Global Goal 16) is about "peace, justice and strong institutions." 34 0 obj UNODC (2019), Global study on homicide 2019, Executive summary, Vienna, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNODC (2018), Global study on homicide 2018, Gender-related killing of women and girls, Vienna, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Flash Eurobarometer 474 Report on Perceived independence of the national justice systems in the EU among the general public. 20 0 obj Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.7) >> Only in this way can durable solutions be practiced that reduce violence, do justice and guarantee the freedom of all people. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions … Hashtags: #SDG16 #UnitedAgainstCorruption #EndHumanTrafficking #LeaveNoOneBehind Tag: @GlobalGoalsUN. Transparency International (2020), Corruption Perceptions Index 2019. 17 0 obj In all but five countries, at least half of respondents considered corruption a widespread national problem. 16 0 obj endobj >> The decline in homicides in the EU has gone hand in hand with improvements in people’s perception of crime, violence or vandalism. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advancing the causes of peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. 27 0 obj Country rankings in the CPI largely correspond to analogous answers collected in late 2017 through a Eurobarometer survey [8], in which Finland, Denmark and Sweden were identified as having the least widespread corruption. It also causes social harm as organised crime groups use corruption to commit other serious crimes, such as trafficking in drugs and humans. It is based on the set of EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in an EU context. 31 0 obj According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), EU countries continued to rank among the least-corrupt ones globally in 2019 and made up a half of the global top 20 least-corrupt countries. For the EU as a whole, this translates into an average of 68 % of respondents sharing this perception in late 2017. endobj Crime is one of the most obvious causes of insecurity. On the other hand, it provides politicians and political parties with the necessary mandate to take decisions that are accepted in society. /Filter /FlateDecode (\376\377\000C\000o\000n\000t\000e\000x\000t) (\376\377\000D\000a\000t\000a\000b\000a\000s\000e) European Research Centre for Anti-Corruption and State-Building (ERCAS) & Hertie School of Governance (2015), Signed in Rome in 1957 as the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, it is now known as, ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGS in an EU context — 2020 edition’, perception of crime, violence or vandalism, general government expenditure on law courts, All articles on sustainable development goals. endobj Global Goals Comic Posters. European Semester Thematic Factsheet on Effective Justice Systems. 9 0 obj Confidence in political institutions is key for effective democracies. 16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance. At the other end of the scale, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania showed the highest levels of perceived corruption across the EU. Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles 2/ **** 1. /Length 1463 4 0 obj This article is a part of a set of statistical articles, which are based on the Eurostat publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGS in an EU context — 2020 edition’. More detailed information on EU SDG indicators for monitoring of progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), such as indicator relevance, definitions, methodological notes, background and potential linkages, can be found in the introduction of the publication ’Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGS in an EU context — 2020 edition’. endobj endobj 1. Over the past five years, all the indicators for which data are available show very strong … We cannot hope for sustainable development without peace, stability, human rights and effective governance, based on the rule of law. His thesis is that the embryo is formed by three distinct information systems: the father’s DNA, the mother’s DNA, and the environment in which the baby finds itself, both before and after Yet our world is increasingly divided. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. SDG 16 – Peace Justice And Strong Institutions. Federal Statistical Office Search Search Search. European Commission (2019), Flash Eurobarometer 474 Report on Perceived independence of the national justice systems in the EU among the general public. Countries with a high CPI ranking, such as Denmark, Finland or Sweden, also show a high share of the population rating the independence of the justice system as ‘good’ (see Figures 16.8 and 16.9). While 14.1 % of the population who were living below the poverty threshold — set at 60 % of the median equivalised income — felt affected by such problems in 2018, this was only the case for 10.9 % of the population above the poverty threshold. 28 0 obj As both indicators are based on people’s perceptions, however, a causal relationship between the effectiveness of the justice system and the occurrence of corruption cannot be inferred based on these data. << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.1) >> PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS 36 Feature to develop structures in utero and shortly after birth to enable it to survive in a hostile environment. We cannot hope for sustainable development without peace, stability, human rights and effective governance, based on the rule of law. << /S /GoTo /D [44 0 R /Fit] >> This development can be attributed to governments consolidating their budgets following the financial crisis. The list includes 453 universities from 75 countries. Some regions enjoy peace, security and prosperity, while others fall into seemingly endless cycles of conflict and violence. Goal 16 in Action Explore the Targets. Whatever the model of the national justice system or the legal tradition in which it is anchored, quality, independence and efficiency are among the essential parameters of an ‘effective justice system’. Employees (62 %) were more likely to give a good rating than self-employed people (52 %), manual workers (50 %) or people who were not employed (53 %). << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> Planned article update: June 2021. endobj << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> In recognition of the importance of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics (CRVS) systems, governments in Asia and the Pacific undertook a Ministerial Declaration to "Get Every One in the Picture." Effective justice systems are nevertheless considered to be a prerequisite for fighting corruption [9]. 2016. The Challenge. Peace,justice and strong institutions Without peace, stability, human rights and effective governance, based on the rule of law – we cannot hope for sustainable development. Interference or pressure from government and politicians were the most likely reasons for a bad rating of perceived independence of courts and judges [5]. SDG 16 calls for peaceful and inclusive societies based on respect for human rights, protection of the most vulnerable, the rule of law and good governance at all levels. 5 0 obj The fear of victimisation paradox: when objective and subjective measures of physical insecurity do not match. The 2030 Agenda targets emphasise the need to reduce violence and … 24 0 obj 33 0 obj 55 0 obj << This report is the fourth edition of Eurostat’s series of monitoring reports on sustainable development, which provide a quantitative assessment of progress of the EU towards the SDGs in an EU context. 40 0 obj 25 0 obj Responses to this survey, however, paint a more pessimistic picture of corruption levels across the EU than the CPI. This table on SDG 16 – peace, justice and strong institutions measures universities’ research on law and international relations, their participation as advisers for government and their policies on academic freedom. A study by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) shows that globally intimate partner- or family-related homicides accounted for 58 % of women who were killed in 2017, while this was only the case for 7.5 % of male homicides [2]. This corresponds to a reduction of 50.7 % over a 14-year period. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions . 42 0 obj Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions … Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. Physical insecurity includes all the external factors that could potentially put an individual’s physical integrity in danger. Deaths due to homicide in the EU show a remarkable gender gap. Effective justice systems are a prerequisite for the fight against corruption. Shutterstock / Nuad Contributor. European Research Centre for Anti-Corruption and State-Building (ERCAS) & Hertie School of Governance (2015), Public integrity and trust in Europe, Berlin. (\376\377\000P\000r\000o\000m\000o\000t\000e\000\040\000p\000e\000a\000c\000e\000f\000u\000l\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000i\000n\000c\000l\000u\000s\000i\000v\000e\000\040\000s\000o\000c\000i\000e\000t\000i\000e\000s\000\040\000f\000o\000r\000\040\000s\000u\000s\000t\000a\000i\000n\000a\000b\000l\000e\000\040\000d\000e\000v\000e\000l\000o\000p\000m\000e\000n\000t\000,\000\040\000p\000r\000o\000v\000i\000d\000e\000\040\000a\000c\000c\000e\000s\000s\000\040\000t\000o\000\040\000j\000u\000s\000t\000i\000c\000e\000\040\000f\000o\000r\000\040\000a\000l\000l\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000b\000u\000i\000l\000d\000\040\000e\000f\000f\000e\000c\000t\000i\000v\000e\000,\000\040\000a\000c\000c\000o\000u\000n\000t\000a\000b\000l\000e\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000i\000n\000c\000l\000u\000s\000i\000v\000e\000\040\000i\000n\000s\000t\000i\000t\000u\000t\000i\000o\000n\000s\000\040\000a\000t\000\040\000a\000l\000l\000\040\000l\000e\000v\000e\000l\000s) At the same time, the perception of ‘very bad’ or ‘fairly bad’ fell by three percentage points, from 38 % to 35 %. … Since 2010, the share of people reporting occurrence of such problems in their area has generally fallen in the EU. Main navigation Federal Statistical Office. Available time series on both objective and subjective measures of personal safety show a favourable trend in the EU over the past decade. 43 0 obj (\376\377\000P\000e\000a\000c\000e\000\040\000a\000n\000d\000\040\000p\000e\000r\000s\000o\000n\000a\000l\000\040\000s\000e\000c\000u\000r\000i\000t\000y) Lively Comic-Style Posters Explaining Each Goal . << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> The European Union has been one of the most successful peace projects in the world. Yet our world is increasingly divided. In 2019, 61 % of 15- to 24-year-old respondents in the EU gave a good rating, compared with 54 % of respondents aged 55 or over. Previous research suggests that crime rates from police registers and the subjective exposure to crime may differ, as population groups with low victimisation rates may be particularly afraid of crime (the so-called ‘fear of victimisation paradox’) [1]. On the one hand, citizens’ confidence increases the probability that they will vote in democratic elections. This is, for instance, the case in France, which has one of the lowest death rates due to homicide across the EU, but one of the highest shares of people who say they feel affected by crime or other problems in their area (see Figures 2 and 4). (\376\377\000T\000r\000u\000s\000t\000\040\000i\000n\000\040\000i\000n\000s\000t\000i\000t\000u\000t\000i\000o\000n\000s) While in 2004 between 50 % and 60 % of the EU population expressed their confidence in each of these three institutions, trust levels fell to 35-40 % for all three by 2015. However, while men have a higher overall risk of being killed, women have a significantly higher risk of being killed by their intimate partners or family members. endobj https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=SDG_16_-_Peace,_justice_and_strong_institutions&oldid=487782. Notably, respondents who had been involved in a dispute that had gone to court were more evenly split between those who rated their system as good (50 %) and bad (45 %) than those who had not been to court (56 % good, 32 % bad) [6]. 36 0 obj European Commission (2017), Fight against corruption, European Semester thematic factsheet. 13 0 obj (\376\377\000P\000u\000b\000l\000i\000c\000a\000t\000i\000o\000n\000s) However, citizens tend to be much less acquainted with EU institutions compared with their own national or regional governments, making confidence in the EU much more dependent on extrinsic factors, such as contextual information, than on actual governance [10]. As there is no meaningful way to assess absolute levels of corruption in countries or territories on the basis of hard empirical evidence, capturing perceptions of corruption of those in a position to offer assessments of public-sector corruption is currently the most reliable method of comparing relative corruption levels across countries. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions … Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels - Read about the UAE's efforts to fulfill the SDG 'Peace, justice and strong institutions' on the UAE's SDGs portal. The perceived independence of the justice system is used for monitoring this aspect. Corruption can also undermine trust in democratic institutions and weaken the accountability of political leadership, EU Member States are among the least corrupt countries in the world. However, country differences in this subjective indicator need to be treated with caution. Throughout the years, the European Parliament has remained the most trusted of the three institutions surveyed. Peace, transparency, accountability and the rule of law are essential to the achievement of sustainable development. Over the past five years, all the indicators for which data are available show very strong progress towards SDG 16. To achieve peace, justice and strong institutions throughout the world, the cooperation of governments, civil society and communities is important. endobj 30 0 obj endobj This is an issue of concern, given that women are at a much higher risk of being killed by their partners or family members (globally, 64 % of victims of intimate partner/family‐related homicide were women), and especially when considering the broader concept of violence against women, encompassing all forms of physical, sexual and psychological violence (see also the article on SDG 5 ‘Gender equality'. Well-functioning justice systems are an important structural condition on which EU Member States base their sustainable growth and social stability policies. However, putting these figures in relation to total government expenditure reveals that spending on law courts has remained stable at 0.7 % since 2003. Peace, justice and strong institutions. endobj In 2019, 54 % of EU inhabitants rated the independence of the courts and judges in their country as ‘very good’ or ‘fairly good’, four percentage points higher than in 2016. Curbing illicit financial flows will be essential for realizing human rights and achieving sustainable development. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. Corruption inflicts financial damage by lowering investment levels, hampering the fair operation of the internal market and reducing public finances. << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies. Data for the EU show a generally favourable trend over the past few years in both areas. (\376\377\000A\000c\000c\000e\000s\000s\000\040\000t\000o\000\040\000j\000u\000s\000t\000i\000c\000e) Commission on Human Rights: The SDG Watch is compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority as the official repository of SDG indicators in the Philippines per PSA Board Resolution No. In 2018, 11.5 % of the population felt affected by these issues, which is 1.6 percentage points less than in 2010. The European Commission has been given a political mandate to monitor the fight against corruption and to develop a comprehensive EU anti-corruption policy. This article provides an overview of statistical data on SDG 16 ‘Peace, justice and strong institutions’ in the European Union (EU). Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions … The dynamics in government expenditure on law courts therefore do not reflect a stronger focus on the financing of law courts but merely mirror an increase in total government spending, which was slightly outperformed by growth in nominal GDP. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels The inclusiveness and transparency of institutions is addressed in Goal 16, although defining and measuring this is difficult. << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.3) >> Within the EU, northern European countries achieved the best scores, with Denmark, Finland and Sweden leading the ranking. Trust in EU institutions has been increasing since 2016. In relation to GDP, expenditure on law courts has also been stable since 2003, at 0.3 % of GDP [4]. Men are more likely to die from homicide, while women are more likely to be victims of physical or sexual violence in their homes. 37 0 obj 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements. At EU level, a number of instruments and mechanisms are used by the Commission to promote and uphold the EU’s fundamental values, in particular the rule of law. In per capita terms, this corresponds to a 41.1 % increase from EUR 68.4 per inhabitant in 2003 to EUR 96.5 per inhabitant in 2018. As there is no single agreed way of measuring the quality of justice systems, the budget actually spent on courts is used here as a proxy for the quality of the justice system. Table 1: Indicators measuring progress towards SDG 16, EU-27, Table 2: Explanation of symbols for indicating progress towards SD objectives and targets. The economic crisis may have played a role in the strong decline in trust in EU institutions observed between 2007 and 2013. endobj It also envisions transparent, effective and accountable institutions. SDG16 aims to significantly reduce all forms of violence and related deaths, end the abuse and exploitation of children, and reduce the illegal arms trade. endobj The #2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes clearly that there can be no sustainable development without peace, and no peace without sustainable development. Overall, according to the UNODC report, almost a quarter (24 %) of homicides in Europe in 2017 (in comparison with 18 % globally) were at the hands of an intimate partner or were family-related [3]. More recent data, however, indicate a turnaround of this trend, with trust levels increasing between 9 and 14 percentage points, depending on the institution, between 2015 and 2019. endobj 39 0 obj (\376\377\000E\000x\000t\000e\000r\000n\000a\000l\000\040\000l\000i\000n\000k\000s) European Commission (2019), The 2019 EU Justice Scoreboard, COM(2019) 198/2. 12 0 obj 16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration. This page was last modified on 23 June 2020, at 14:33. We are living in a world that is increasingly divided. provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Data extracted in May 2020. endobj It should, however, be acknowledged that this comparison may not capture the full picture, as other forms of crime than homicide also contribute to perceived insecurity. Effective justice systems play a crucial role in upholding the rule of law and the EU's fundamental values. Peace, justice and strong institutions in the EU: overview and key trends. endobj Under the guidance of the Treaty of Rome [11], signed in 1957, the Union can look back on 60 years of peace, democracy and solidarity. There also exists a notable relationship between the CPI and the perceived independence of the justice system. Peace, justice and strong institutions essential for sustainable development in Africa Marrakesh, Morocco, April 18, 2019 (ECA) - Without peace, stability, human rights, and effective governance based on the rule of law, Africa cannot hope to attain the sustainable development goals, says Economic Commission for Africa’s Eunice Ajambo. @� Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. stream 1 0 obj The 16th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG16) aims to build strong and just institutions in support of peaceful and inclusive societies around the world by 2030, notably by: promoting the rule of law, transparency, accountability, good governance, and non-discrimination at all levels of government; << /S /GoTo /D (figure.caption.9) >> endobj SDG16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. In the EU, deaths due to homicide have fallen steadily since 2002, reaching a rate of 0.7 deaths per 100 000 people in 2016. endobj 16. 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